Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation and Radicalization in American Politics (Open Access) (Oxford University Press 2018).

The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs Over Self-Interest (Crown Business 2011).
Next Generation Connectivity: A review of broadband Internet transitions and policy from around the world. ( Berkman Center. 2010).
The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom (Yale Press 2006).

Rules of the Road for the Information Superhighway : Electronic Communication and the Law (West Publishing, 1996 & 1997 supp.)

Political economy, technology, and inequality

A Political Economy of Oligarchy: Winner-take-all ideology, superstar norms, and the rise of the 1% (Working paper September 2017)

Network Pragmatism: Toward and Open Social Economy, draft proceedings chapter in M. Archer, P. Donati, M. Sánchez Sorondo (eds), Towards a Participatory Society: New Roads to Social and Cultural Integration, Proceedings of the 2017 Plenary Session, Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences 28 April – 2 May 2017.

Political communication and the Networked Public Sphere

Partisanship, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Online Media and the 2016 U.S. Presidential Campaign (Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society Research Paper) August 2017.

Bretibart-led right-wing media ecosystem altered broader media agenda, Columbia Journalism Rev (March 2017), with Robert Faris, Hal Roberts, and Ethan Zuckerman

The Role of the Networked Public Sphere in the U.S. Net Neutrality debate, 10 Int'l J. of Comm 2016, with Rob Faris, Hal Roberts, Bruce Etling, and Dalia Othman

Social Mobilization and the Networked Public Sphere: Mapping the SOPA-PIPA Debate.  Political Communication, 34(4) 594-624  2015 (with Hal Roberts, Rob Faris, Alicia Solow-Niederman, and Bruce Etling).

A Tale of Two Blogospheres: Discursive Practices on the Left and Right, American Behavioral Scientist 56 (4), 459-487, with Aaron Shaw. 2012.

A Free Irresponsible Press: Wikileaks and the Battle Over the Soul of the Networked Fourth Estate, Harvard Civil Rights Civil Liberties Law Review, 2011.

Peer Production and Cooperation

Peer Production, the Commons, and the future of the firm, Strategic Organization, June 2016, 1-11.

Peer Production and Cooperation, forthcoming in J. M. Bauer & M. Latzer (eds.), Handbook on the Economics of the Internet, Cheltenham and Northampton, Edward Elgar (2016).

When von Hippel Innovation Met the Networked Environment: Recognizing Decentralized Innovation, in Revolutionizing Innovation: Users, Communities, and Open Innovation (Dietmar Harhoff and Karim R. Lakhani, eds.) (2016).

Peer production: A Modality of Collective Intelligence. (with Aaron Shaw and Benjamin Mako Hill), forthcoming in Collective Intelligence (Michael Bernstein and Thomas Malone, eds.)

Cooperation in a Peer-Production Economy: Experimental Evidence from Wikipedia, with Yann Algan, Mayo Fuster Morell and Jerome Hergueux, 2013.

Practical Anarchism: Peer Mutualism, Market Power, and the Fallible State, Politics and Society 4(2) 213-251. 2013.

The Unselfish Gene, Harv. Bus. Rev. July-Aug 2011.

Law, Policy, and Cooperation, in Balleisen, Edward, and David Moss, eds. Government and Markets: Toward a New Theory of Regulation, Cambridge University Press, forthcoming

Dynamic Remodeling of in-group bias during the 2008 Presidential Election, PNAS, March 31, 2009; with David Rand, Thomas Pfeiffer, Anna Dreber, Rachel Sheketoff, and Nils Wernerfelt

Commons-Based Peer Production and Virtue, 14(4) J. Political Philosophy 394-419 (2006); with Helen Nissenbaum

Peer Production of Survivable Critical Infrastructures, in The Law and Economics of Cybersecurity, M. Grady and F. Parisi, eds. Cambridge University Press 2005.

"Sharing Nicely": On shareable goods and the emergence of sharing as a modality of economic production, 114 Yale L. J. 273 (2004)

Common Wisdom: Peer Production of Educational Materials, Center for Open and Sustainable Learning, 2005, or you can get a print version here.

Coase's Penguin,or Linux and the Nature of the Firm, 112 Yale Law Journal 369 (2002)


Open Access and Information Commons, in, Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics: Private and Commercial Law, Francesco Parisi, ed. (2016).

Between Spanish Huertas and the Open Road: A Tale of Two Commons? in Governing the Knowledge Commons (eds. Brett Frischmann, Michael Madison & Katherine Strandburg, Oxford University Press, 2014).

Commons and Growth: The Essential Role of Open Commons in Market Economies, in 80 University of Chicago Law Review. 2013

Commons-Based Strategies and the Problems of Patents, 305 Science 1110 (Aug. 20, 2004)

Freedom in the Commons, Towards a Political Economy of Information, 52 Duke L.J. 1245 (2003) (Frey Lecture audio)

The Political Economy of Commons, Upgrade, Vol. IV., No.3 June 2003

The Battle Over the Institutional Ecosystem in the Digital Environment, 44 Communications of the ACM No.2 84 (2001)

Property, Commons, and the First Amendment: Towards a Core Common Infrastructure (White Paper for the Brennan Center for Justice) (March, 2001)

From Consumers to Users: Shifting the Deeper Structures of Regulation Towards Sustainable Commons and User Access, 52 Fed. Comm. L.J. 561 (2000)

Free as the Air to Common Use: First Amendment Constraints on Enclosure of the Public Domain, 74 N.Y.U. Law Review 354 (1999)

Overcoming Agoraphobia: Building the Commons of the Digitally Networked Environment, 11 Harvard Journal of Law & Technology 287 (1998) 

The Commons As A Neglected Factor of Information Policy (working draft presented at Telecommunications Policy Research Conference 9/98)

Power and Freedom

Degrees of Freedom, Dimensions of Power, Daedalus, 145(1) 18-32 (2016).

Practical Anarchism: Peer Mutualism, Market Power, and the Fallible State, Politics and Society 4(2) 213-251. 2013. 

A Public Accountability Defense for National Security Leakers and Whistleblowers, 8(2) Harv. L. & Policy Rev. 2014. 

Networks of Power, Degrees of Freedom, International Journal of Communications 5. 2011. 721-755.

Distributive Liberty: A Relational Model of Freedom, Coercion, and Property LawHarvard Law Review, Vol. 107, No. 4 (Feb., 1994), pp. 859-876.

Democracy, Autonomy, and Information: Theoretical and Constitutional Analysis

Information, Structures, and the Constitution of American Society, in The Constitution in 2020, Jack Balkin and Reva Siegel eds., (OUP 2009), 187-195. 

Through the Looking Glass: Alice and Constitutional Foundations of the Public Domain
, 66 J. Law & Contemp. Probs. 173 (Winter/Sring 2003)

Siren Songs and Amish Children: Autonomy, Information, and Law, 76 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 23 (2001)

Free as the Air to Common Use: First Amendment Constraints on Enclosure of the Public Domain, 74 N.Y.U. Law Review 354 (1999)

A Speakers Corner Under the Sun, in The Commodification of Information: Political, Social, and Cultural Ramifications (N. Elkin-Koren, N. Netanel, eds.) (Kluwer, 2002).

A Political Economy of the Public Domain: Markets in Information Goods vs. The Marketplace of Ideas, in Expanding the Boundaries of Intellectual Property: Innovation Policy for the Knowledge Society (Rochelle Dreyfuss, Diane L Zimmerman, and Harry First, eds. 2001)

Free Markets vs. Free Speech: A Resilient Red Lion and it Critics, Reviewing Rationales and Rationalizations, Regulating the Electronic Media (Robert Corn-Revere, ed.) 8 Int'l J. L. & Information Tech. 214 (2000)

The Free Republic Problem (April 1999).

Exclusive Rights Regimes / Copyright, Patent, Innovation Policy

Law, Innovation,and Collaboration in the Networked Economy and Society, Annual Rev. of Law & Social Science, 13 231-250 (2017).

Wikileaks and the Protect-IP Act: A New Public-Private Threat to the Internet Commons, in Daedalus, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Fall 2011.

Sharing, Trading, Creating Culture (reviewing Lessig, Remix), Science, 324 (5925):337 - 338 (2009).

Addressing Global Health Inequities: An Open Licensing Approach for University Innovations, 20 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1031 (2005). with Amy Kapczynski, Samantha Chaifetz, and Zachary Katz.

Intellectual Property and the Organization of Information Production, 22 Int'l Rev. of L. & Ec. 81 (2002). (Working Draft 10/99, available for reference to quotations to the working paper, 10/99)

An Unhurried View of Private Ordering in Information Transactions, 53 Vanderbilt Law Rev. 2063 (2000) (with better renditions of Figures 1 and 2)

Constitutional Bounds of Database Protection: The Role of Judicial Review in the Creation and Definition of Private Rights in Information, 15 Berkeley L. & Tech. J. 535 (2000)

Open Spectrum, or Spectrum Commons

Open Wireless vs. Licensed Spectrum: Evidence from Market Adoption, in Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 26(1) Fall 2012.

Some Economics of Wireless Communications, 16 Harvard Journal of Law & Technology 25 (Fall 2002)

Overcoming Agoraphobia: Building the Commons of the Digitally Networked Environment, 11 Harvard Journal of Law & Technology 287 (1998) 

Net Gains: Is CBS Unconstitutional? (with Lawrence Lessig) The New Republic, December 14, 1998

Siren Songs and Amish Children: Autonomy, Information, and Law, 76 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 23, 62-84, 87-105 (2001).

Internet Regulation Generally

Communications Infrastructure Regulation and the Distribution of Control Over Content, 22(3) Telecommunications Policy 183 (1998)

Net Regulation: Taking Stock and Looking Forward, 71 Colorado Law Rev. 331 (2000)

Internet Regulation: A Case Study in the Problem of Unilateralism, 11 European J. of Int'l L. 167 (2000)